375:445 PROBLEMS IN AQUATIC ENVIRONMENTS - SYLLABUS
375:445 PROBLEMS IN AQUATIC ENVIRONMENTS
- SYLLABUS -
Department of Environmental Sciences
Professor K. Irwin Keating, Ph.D. - Fall 2000.
Tues. and Thurs. 4:30 - 5:50 p.m., ESNR Rm 223
To ftp image files from class:
While no text is "required" and
random questions, taken solely from a textbook, will NOT appear on exams, the following texts are
recommended specifically because they are
- unusually informative,
- excellent sources for review of lecture materials
- for additional
information on many of the topics covered, and
- relatively inexpensive for their
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|Gleick, Peter. 1993.
WATER IN CRISIS: A Guide to the World's Freshwater Resources
Oxford University Press, N.Y. xxiv and 473.
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Laws. Edward. 1993.
AQUATIC POLLUTION: An Introductory Text (2nd ed.)
Wiley Interscience, N.Y. viii and 611.
INTENT: To explore, to better understand, the
problems associated with aquatic environments which impose restrictions
on human activities or, which are the results of human activities.
(Considering the worldwide limits of water suitable for our activities,
is it not intriguing that we deposit so great a concentration of undesirable
materials in those waters most convenient to us?)
I. Water as a resource -- Dimensions and limits of the Hydrosphere - the amount
of water currently and ultimately available for human use; limited supply and limitless demand, politics,
agriculture, industry and salt (most of the water, 97%, on earth is"salty".) GEOGRAPHY makes a
II. Resources in aquatic environments --Who has the right to make the rules, to
claim the benefits? Law of the Sea; Fisheries Conservation and Management Act; over-fishing; nodules and
other mineral resources; our fellow travelers- whales and other aquatic mammals. HISTORY makes a
III. Plankton: What is it? upwellings; eutrophication; krill; red tides; allelochemistry; (lunch?)
IV. Pollution: Inorganic pollutants (heavy metals); organic pollutants
(pesticides, oil, N.Y. Bight;); temperature (power generation)
V. Aquatic Toxicology: Monitoring; bioassay; (acute, chronic);
culture of aquatic organisms: aquaculture.
Prof. Kathleen Irwin Keating, Ph.D.
Phone: 932 - 8012 (Messages may not be delivered?)
email@example.com (Usually works very well!)
The images below, from lecture, can help you as you review class notes.
They really cannot substitute for class attendance since the words that explain
them are not here. Keep in mind that the entire class files are available for ftp.
LECTURE IMAGES - for REVIEW
TOPIC 1 - Introduction
TOPIC 2 - What is water? (Molecules, Constituents)
TOPIC 3 - pH and the Bicarbonate Cycle
TOPIC 4 - Stratification
TOPIC 5 - Rearranging Water - Aquifers, Deserts
Reading Assignment: Water Supply I.
TOPIC 6 - Dams, Irrigation
Also, read --
- 3 Gorges (Pro)* - Chinese Government
Because the Chinese Gov't seems to have taken down their info server,
this link will take you to a directory in which their recent information
is stored. Click on the html files in order and the information will be
essentially the same as that presented on their recent server.
To give you a sense of just how disturbing the flooding problems in China are,
there are a few news releases from CNN in this directory.
- 3 Gorges (Con)* - International Rivers Network. Most ecologists offer good reasons to
questions the continued building of dams all over the world.
TOPIC 7 - Supply - Global
TOPIC 8 - Supply - U.S.
- "Freshwater" is not the same as "drinking water" -There are quantity and quality problems which
impact both. This article emphasiizes "drinking water", thus quality is emphasized - but quantity problems are
inherent in drinking water short falls. Note that the authors, while very authoritative and highly respected,
hardly touch on the absence of water to clean and deliver. Please read through "Sources".
Material for the midterm ENDS HERE.
How about turning in an outline of your planned presentation? One page would be fine.
TOPIC 9 - LOS, FCMA - History
Some history for the LOS (from UN-FAO)
TOPIC 10 - Fisheries: The Tragedy of the Commons vs. Hunger ----
To help you sort out the three "kingdoms" (Prokaryota, Eucharyota, Archaea)
The entry page and the links to -Viruses, -DNA, -Bacteria, -Archaea, and - Eukaryota (last). After you read the Eukaryota page follow the link to -Protists. From there follow the links to Plants, Animals, and Fungi (these could be accessed via the same page as "Protists", but this is the BETTER route.")
C. Or-- Wander through - A Digital Tree of Life
Please wander through some of this incredible
project's pages. Start at the Introduction button. Your assignment
is to work to understand how the site is set up. I do not expect
you to memorize any of the information it carries (you will remember
some of it just because it is intriguing).
D. Or-- The Three Kingdoms (Prokaryottes, Eukaryotes,Archae)
Consider this a required reading
assignment. It is written to introduce a course in bacteriology, but it
is very readable and very straightforward in describing the root of the
Phylogenetic Tree. It is not likely that memorizing definitions will
be useful to you on a test, but being able to recall how definitions
and terms match, will.
TOPIC 11 - Seafloor, Metals, NodulesTOPIC 12 - Plankton ----
TOPIC 13 - El Nino - ENSO -La Nina
TOPIC 14 - Allelochemistry
Part I. Allelochemistry - Ubiquitous, Internicine, Biochemical Warfare
Part II. Allelochemistry - Aquatic Systems
Part III. Allelochemistry - Toxic Blooms
Part IV. Allelochemistry - Pharmacopoeia